Belém, Tower of
- Built during the country's early imperial age when Portugal was a world maritime power, the Tower of Belém (Torre do Belém) in Lisbon was constructed as a defense against maritime attack in the Tagus River. This historic stone tower, one of Portugal's most perfect Manueline architectural style monument-treasures, was begun in 1515 by order of King Manuel I. The first architect was the military architect Francisco Arruda, and the tower was built in the River Tagus.With changes in tides, time, and the shoreline since, the tower today rests close to the Belém shoreline. The tower was built to accommodate a garrison, a prison, and artillery to ward off pirates and other raiders coming from the Atlantic up the Tagus River. Eclectic in architectural style, the tower's styles include Roman-Gothic and Manu-eline, with touches of Venetian and Moroccan influence. Located not far from the massive Monastery of Jerónimos convent, the tower is square and is surrounded by a polygonal bulwark, as well as by walls facing the Tagus. Centuries after its use in defense had ceased, the tower in its restored state became a memorable symbol of Portugal's Age of Discoveries and expansion, as well as a much-photographed icon in tourist literature.See also Castles, Portuguese.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Belém Tower — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon State Party = POR Type = Cultural Criteria = iii, vi ID = 263 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1983 Session = 7th Link =… … Wikipedia
Belem — can refer to: *The Belem (ship) , a three masted barque from France *Belem Vitor, Portuguese plastic artist.Belém is the Portuguese word for Bethlehem. This spelling may refer to: * Belém, capital city of the Brazilian state of Pará * Belém,… … Wikipedia
Belém — /beuh lem /; Port. /be layonn /, n. a seaport in N Brazil on the Pará River. 949,463. Also called Pará. * * * City (pop., 2000 prelim.: metro. area , 1,271,615), northern Brazil. The capital of Pará state, the port of Belém lies on the Pará River … Universalium
Belém Cultural Center — Coordinates: 38°41′43.47″N 9°12′31.18″W / 38.6954083°N 9.2086611°W / 38.6954083; 9.2086611 … Wikipedia
Santa Maria de Belém — Infobox Parish pt official name = Santa Maria de Belém Municipality = Lisbon area total = 3.39 population total = 9,752 (2001) population density = 2,878 website = http://www.jf belem.pt/ footnotes =Santa Maria de Belém, or just Belém, pron.… … Wikipedia
Lisbon — For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). Coordinates: 38°42′49.72″N 9°8′21.79″W / 38.7138111°N 9.1393861°W / 38.713811 … Wikipedia
Monuments of Portugal — The Monuments of Portugal were constructed throughout the Portuguese territory, and date back to the period of pre historic settlement of occupation. Subsequently, the region that is today Portugal has been colonized by many civilizations, which… … Wikipedia
Jerónimos Monastery — Coordinates: 38°41′51.60″N 9°12′21.60″W / 38.697667°N 9.206°W / 38.697667; 9.206 … Wikipedia
Varig Flight 254 — Accident summary Date 3 September 1989 Type Belly landing after fuel exhaustion Site … Wikipedia
Portugal — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Portugal (disambiguation). Portuguese Republic República Portuguesa (Portuguese) … Wikipedia